My professor in a Graduate Studies class at Shepherd passed these out to the students. I scanned them so you could have access here. If you are a teacher or student on your way to becoming a teacher, these are all invaluable materials to hold onto.
DI: Differential Instruction: Enhancing Teaching & Learning (6 pages)
UDL: Common Core State Standards AND Universal Design for Learning (6 pages)
AUTISM: Classroom Success with ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) (6 pages)
FBA and BIP: Functional Behavioral Assessment & Behavior Intervention Plan / PBIS (6 pages)
IEPs & CCSS: Individual Education Programs IEPs (6 pages)
If you have not read your US Constitution of late, you might make the assumption that something as common as education would be a federally mandated right of all US citizens. But it’s not.
It is a right in most (if not all) State Constitutions. So, does this mean we are all protected? I don’t think so, and will attempt to argue here that the US Constitution needs to be amended so that it is federally mandated. This wont happen for many reasons.
#1. The reason Education was not made a Federal Right in the first place was part of the Dual Federalism principal where States had rights to govern their citizens, not the Federal Government. If you read through the original Constitution of 1789 you will find that most direct rights of people are given to the States to prescribe.
There are many reasons why this was done.
Again, if you are not a recent Constitutionalist, and I mean one that actually reads and studies the Constitution, not one who follows a political ideology that claims they are the party of the Constitution, you will understand that following the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the 13 Colonies were like separate countries depending on the “Federal Republic” for coercion and collecting revenues, mainly to pay down the costs of the American Revolution and financially support the Army.
For example, did you know that during the years between the Declaration of Independence and US Constitution, most of the Colonies had their own State Religions and separate foreign policy? Yes, different States had different international trade agreements with England, France and other European countries.
These were part of the reason it was so important to establish a stronger operating agreement for the States, referred to as the US Constitution.
BACK TO EDUCATION
As the States control and dictate Education, this means that all States have it THEIR way.
But what about No Child Left Behind, and Common Core? Aren’t these Federal Programs for education? Yes, they are federal but they are not law. They are bribes where the Federal government gives moneys to the States in exchange for accepting federal ideologies on education. But, these are not laws. If the Congress attempted to interfere with State organized education through legislation, the Judiciary would quickly nullify it as unconstitutional.
So, what is the point here?
As noted above, at the time of the Declaration of Independence and the signing of the US Constitution and Bill of Rights, the States were still very independently minded. They were still very individual in organization. Moving between States was not as normal as it is today. Giving States the right to education made a lot more sense than it does today. Another way to look at this to support my pending argument is that most Americans died in the same State they were born in.
Now, lets move forward 200 years. How many people do you know who come from a State other than where they now live? How many people do you know were educated in a State they lived in earlier in their lives? How many people do you know moved to another State to get a better job? How many people do you know had to move to another State because the factories where they lived were all shut down and their jobs were shipped somewhere else? My point here is that in today’s economy, emigration between States is much more commonplace than it was 200 years ago when the framers made the decision to give Education to State Authority.
Case Study –
I taught a high school student last year who started his 9th grade year in Virginian public schools. He was an A student in ALL subjects. His parents moved to West Virginia and he switched schools. Soon after he arrived he started failing in ALL subjects and by the end of the first semester and then at the end of the year, he failed ALL subjects at his new school.
My point? His education in Virginia was designed in such a way that he was able to get A’s. His education in West Virginia was very different. I am sure this can be dissected to try and determine what could have gone wrong but as one of his teachers, my concern is that Virginia and West Virginia have different ideologies in education for the same grades.
200 years ago this child would have spent his entire education in the State of Virginia and likely would have done fine.
This brings me to another concern you may not have thought about.
DID HIS PARENTS EVER CONSIDER THAT THE EDUCATION IN WEST VIRGINIA MIGHT BE DIFFERENT THAN IT WAS IN VIRGINIA?
I recall speaking to his mother mid-year. She made a comment then that I remember but did not “click” at the time. She said education is education. There has to be something wrong with West Virginia schools since he did so much better in Virginia. As a teacher I will defend our school system and argue that it was different enough that it had an unfortunate overwhelming negative effect on the student.
As parents, do we consider that school districts offer different curriculum’s or do we make the incorrect assumption that because we all live in the USA that our children are getting similar educations no matter where they live?
I heard in an MAT class this week, that 40 States accepted the new Common Core Program where it first came out. West Virginia was in fact one of the strongest supporters of Common Core. West Virginia was also one of the first of the 40 States to bail on Common Core this year.
In 2015-16 I was a day to day substitute teacher. I taught in 15 different schools in the same County system. Not one 5th grade class was teaching the same materials as another. The same applies between the two county high schools. In 2016-17 I taught at the same high school all year. Of 5 teachers teaching the same subject, not one class taught the identical curriculum to another class with the same subject.
THIS WAS THE SAME SUBJECT IN THE SAME SCHOOL, and no 2 teachers were teaching the same identical curriculum.
Now, consider that there are 50 State Education Systems, which give autonomy to larger cities to run their own Educational Systems.
More to come….